How to Read Price Action Chart? A Complete Guide 2022

How to Read Price Action Chart

The way a market moves is described by price action, which includes trends and significant support and resistance levels. However, price action trading also contains buy and sell signals. While some of you may be familiar with the contents of this piece, it will provide a fresh viewpoint for others.

We get a simple and effective trading method when combining these signals with critical levels and momentum. For more than a decade, it’s been the sole method I’ve used to trade the Forex market. Before then, I was lost in a world of useless indicators and unprofitable trading algorithms.

Even if you are familiar with Forex price activity, I recommend that you continue reading. This article will serve as a good reminder and may shed some new light on the subject.

This article will cover the simple method of reading price action movement in the forex charts and the importance of this trading style. Now embark on the journey to understand how to read price action in forex charts.

What is Price Action Movement?

The study or analysis of market price fluctuation is known as price action. Traders use price action to generate views and make decisions based on trends, critical price levels, and risk management. Trend identification is commonly used as the first stage in price action trading. All other aspects of price action indicators require a trend base to begin price action analysis.

Price action is a comprehensive technical analysis technique that includes a variety of trading tactics used by traders to assess markets. When combined with price activity, technical indicators enable traders to make more precise trade selections.

How To Read Price Action As Your First Indicator?

Price action is usually the first kind of examination in technical analysis setups. When employing an indicator, the first thing to know is that it is a function of price action. The indicator isn’t the essential instrument; instead, it’s a compliment to price action. The indicator’s information will eventually show on the chart is governed by price activity.

As a result, before checking the indicator for an entry signal, a trader must first ascertain where the price is moving, which is also the trend. After determining the trend, the trader can reference the indicator for an entrance signal in the trend’s direction. Traders just speculate on the price movement of an instrument. Hence, attention is on the price change rather than the indicator value change.

Some traders depend only on price action for their trading choices and analysis, while others prefer a mix of price action and technical indicators as a backup.

Price activity dictates the information that technical indicators offer on the chart. Therefore they are derivatives of price movement. These indicators are produced utilizing variable periodic price data that support entry, exit, and stop distance requirements. In order to determine how the market is working on a holistic scale, it is also necessary to identify trends that are entirely dependent on the time frame.

How To Read The Price Action Charts?

Trending waves ( Impulsive waves) and pullback waves (corrective waves) are used for trading market activity. When the trending waves are more significant than the correcting waves, the trend advances.

To determine the trend’s direction, traders watch out for swing highs and swing lows or the duration of trending and retracement waves. According to the guidelines, the price makes higher swing highs and lower swing lows during an uptrend. During a decline, the opposite is true. On a price chart, trendlines’ extremes float between support and resistance lines.

Lines have been added to the following Amazon (AMZN) candlestick chart to show the major up and down waves and to help highlight the downtrend and reversal to an uptrend. It’s all about listening to the market and reacting accordingly when trading with price action.

The benefit of trading in this manner is that it allows you to see where buy and sell orders are positioned. To view these buyers and sellers, we use candlesticks’ upper and lower wicks.

You can even gain an advantage by using an entire candlestick, such as the engulfing pattern. But, again, it’s all about deciding whether or not to act based on the patterns on your chart.

It’s worth noting that price action might take two different forms. It might appear as candlestick patterns on your charts or as full-price structures, such as the head and shoulders pattern. Both types of price behavior can reveal a lot of information. However, they can be deceiving as well.

So, where do you look for these price action signals?

Here is the three simple step method 

Draw Support And Resistance Levels

After you’ve opened a new chart, the first thing you should do is draw essential support and resistance levels. This process is a significant part of how to read price action charts. Trend lines, horizontal areas, and even patterns like ascending and descending channels are examples of these. 

We wrote a whole tutorial on how to draw key levels. So before attempting to trade the price action, we’ll be covering in this post, make sure to review it. It’s now a waiting game once you’ve identified the crucial spots on your chart.

Wait For The Daily Session To Close

Patience is crucial while you are about to execute the trade finally. It’s no accident that this is where the majority of Forex traders make mistakes.

It would help if you waited for the session to end before trading the daily time frame. This style of the chart is not available from all Forex firms. Using New York close charts, on the other hand, is a necessity if you’re serious about trading with Forex price movement.

Closely monitor for buy and sell signals in the form of price activity. Do you want to know what my two favorite price movement indicators are? My favorite is the pin bar, followed by the engulfing pattern when it comes to candlestick patterns. They have more in common than you would think. There will be more on this later.

A candlestick with a long top or lower wick, also known as the tail, is a pin bar. It’s what makes this strategy so lucrative. It indicates an upsurge in demand when buyers push the market back above crucial support. That’s why the two designs had more in common than you would think.

How Do Trade Supply And Demand With Price Action?

Supply zones can be noticed where entry into the market triggered and caused the price to plummet and not return. Traders keep an eye on these since sellers may still be around and ready to sell when the price rises, forcing the price back down.

Where buyers have joined the market aggressively, demand zones formed, and the price went up and hasn’t gone down since. So traders will be looking to see whether the buyer takes up and pushes the price back up if the price returns to that level.

Using Forex Price Action to Evaluate Momentum

To assess momentum, you don’t need a complicated metric. All you need is simple price movement. There are a lot of false positives with those momentum indicators. In other words, they will provide the impression that a market is shifting direction when the fact doesn’t exist.

This is where Forex price activity may be used to assess momentum. And, like everything else we’ve spoken about thus far, it’s really straightforward. This isn’t to argue that price action doesn’t produce false positives. But, unfortunately, there is no such thing as a completely accurate trading style, method, or plan.

However, I have found it to be the most accurate method of analyzing momentum. First, determine the swing highs and lows using the daily time period. Next, you’re on the lookout for market tipping points. The interval between these events might be a few weeks to many months.

A trend line is typically formed by these swing highs and lows. When they do, recognizing trend reversals becomes practically automatic. By employing this strategy, you allow the price action to speak for itself. No fancy momentum indicators or the like are required.

Even for those of you who are already familiar with this material, the charts above provide a friendly reminder. Once you’ve finished, you’ll notice a pattern emerge. The market is on an uptrend as long as it makes higher highs and lower lows.

Price Action Trading Patterns

Price action continuation patterns

Continuation patterns arise throughout the course of a trend. For example, assume there is an upward trend, and a triangle has formed. The price has a far better chance of breaking out to the upside due to the uptrend because the movement is up. The same principle applies when a pattern arises during a downturn. Wait for a trend to establish, then wait for a pattern to appear, and only trade if the price does not match the pattern in the trending direction.

Price action reversals

Price action reversals occur when the trend direction rules are violated. The trend is doomed when one of these key rules is compromised. Depending on which waves are being watched, the trend will return if both requirements are broken.

Consider an upswing with higher swing highs and lower swing lows. When it makes a lower swing low, this is a warning sign. A reversal is underway if the price then hits a more downward swing high as well. This does not preclude a reversal, allowing the upswing to proceed. The evidence only shows that a turnaround is conceivable.

Price Action Scalping Strategy

Scalping is a trading strategy in which gains and losses are taken quickly, with trades lasting only a few minutes or less. It may mean risking a few cents per share to make a few cents in the stock market. Scalping is the practice of quickly entering and exiting a position in order to benefit from tiny price movements, whatever those swings may be for that particular asset. Scalpers frequently utilize one-minute charts.

Bottom Line

For hundreds of years, price action has existed. It hasn’t changed in a long time. Nonetheless, there’s a reason it’s still in use today: it works. Of course, it isn’t for everyone, and finding a style that works for you is crucial. Yet if you’re wary of fiddling with complicated indicators and want a straightforward but profitable strategy for trading, this is it. Now you can understand how to read price action in forex charts.


You can read price action by utilizing the technical analysis using multiple trading tools offered by the award-winning forex broker Investby. The brokerage firm is highly regulated and known for providing the best trading environment for traders.

Price action trading in Forex allows you to see supply and demand in a manner that no other trading method can. You can observe where buy and sell orders are without adding extra indicators to your displays. The daily time period is one of the finest places to look for market activity. It provides a viewpoint that lesser time frames cannot, especially when utilizing New York closing charts.